T0 Things You Should Know About Health in Tanzania

The 2022 Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey and Malaria Indicator Survey (TDHS-MIS) is Tanzania’s seventh Demographic and Health Survey (DHS). The 2022 TDHS-MIS collected data on several health topics, including family planning, maternal health, child health, nutrition, malaria, and HIV/AIDS. Here are ten key takeaways from the report:

  1. Family planning is essential for the health of women and children. The total demand for family planning among married women is 59%, but only 64% of this demand is being met. This means that many women are not able to use contraception to space or limit their births, which can have negative consequences for their health and the health of their children.
  2. Many women give birth at home, which can be dangerous. Only 81% of births occur in a health facility. This means that many women do not have access to skilled care during childbirth, which can put them and their babies at risk.
  3. Child mortality is still a major problem in Tanzania. The under-5 mortality rate is 43 deaths per 1,000 live births. This means that 1 in 23 children in Tanzania do not live to see their fifth birthday.
  4. Malnutrition is a serious problem among children in Tanzania. Thirty per cent of children under 5 are stunted, which is an indicator of chronic malnutrition. Stunting can have long-term negative consequences for children’s health and development.
  5. Malaria is still a major health problem in Tanzania. The prevalence of malaria in children under 5 is 12%. Malaria can cause serious illness and death, especially in young children.
  6. HIV/AIDS is a major public health concern in Tanzania. The prevalence of HIV among adults aged 15-49 is 4.5%. HIV/AIDS can have a devastating impact on individuals, families, and communities.
  7. Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are on the rise in Tanzania. The prevalence of hypertension among adults aged 15-49 is 11% for women and 10% for men. NCDs, such as heart disease, stroke, and diabetes, are becoming increasingly common in Tanzania.
  8. Many Tanzanians lack access to clean water and sanitation. Only 64% of the population uses basic drinking water services, and 55% uses basic sanitation services. Lack of access to clean water and sanitation can lead to the spread of disease.
  9. Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is still practiced in some parts of Tanzania. Eight percent of women age 15-49 have undergone FGM/C. FGM/C is a harmful practice that can have serious health consequences for girls and women.
  10. Domestic violence is a serious problem in Tanzania. Thirty-three percent of ever-partnered women have experienced physical, sexual, or emotional violence from a partner. Domestic violence can have a devastating impact on women’s physical and mental health.

The 2022 TDHS-MIS provides valuable insights into the health of the Tanzanian population. This information can inform policies and programs to improve the health and well-being of Tanzanians.

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